GSD is an abbreviation that stands for German Shepherd Dog.
Temperament refers to the personality traits and innate characteristics of any given dog.
A pedigree is the record of descent of an animal, showing it to be purebred. A pedigree contains information regarding a specific dog's ancestors and may include information on health testing and titles. A dog's pedigree is essentially a family tree, showcasing his or her relatives.
Measured by a given dogs resilience, ability to withstand stress and mental stability in the face of things that are potentially unnerving.
Thresholds refer to the amount of stimulation required to activate a dog in various drives. Evaluated as low, medium or high thresholds.
Innate genetic attributes or driving forces that motivate or compel a dog to take action. Drives include prey, defense, hunt, fight, etc. Commonly evaluated as low, medium or high.
The desire to seek out an object and search for it relentlessly despite distractions, environment and length of time.
Stemming from prey drive, ball drive refers to the dog's desire to play with or work for a ball or other toy.
Prey drive is the instinctual desire to chase a moving object then capture and/or kill it.
A dog's innate desire to protect itself, but also their young, their food, their pack, and their territory from a perceived threat.
The desire of a dog to acquire and maintain a position of dominance (dominant rank) both inside and out of their pack. It is the desire to improve their social standing.
The desire to interact and socialize with members of its pack. An independent dog would be considered low pack drive whereas a high pack drive dog is the one who would rather play with their handler than by themselves. Commonly evaluated as low, medium or high.
A dog's desire to dominate, control and overpower an opponent.
The dog's willingness and ability to overcome stress and distraction, or the dog's ability to recover after a correction or bad experience.
Refers to a dog that is willing to engage a human/threat without equipment being present (such as a bite suit or protection sleeve).
Refers to suspicion and inclinations towards individuals both inside and outside of a given dog's pack. Social aggression is also the willingness to accept a challenge and fight.
Aggression directed towards the handler (person), especially when the dog is pushed or corrected.
An abnormal response to a normal situation, can manifest in varying degrees of intensity. Reactivity is a symptom of a potential issue with any of (or a combination of) the following: temperament, thresholds, drives, nerves, etc.
aAD: Aus dauerprufing, endurance test.
BH: Basic companion dog - traffic sureness.
B or BH Begleithunde: the preliminary and prerequisite test for a dog going on to get his/her Schutzhund titles. A combination temperament and obedience test. B and BH are used interchangeably.
WH: Watch Dog.
CD: Companion dog. The first of five working qualifications, each of increasing difficulty,
awarded to dogs gaining a certain percentage of total marks at working trials.
CDEX: CD Excellent.
DH: Dienshund, service dog.
Gebrauchshundklasse: Working dog class-the only class available for animals over two/in Germany.
HGH: Herdengebrauchshund, herding dog- a qualification of dogs working with flocks.
TD: Tracking dog. Qualification title for nose work.
FH: Fahrtenhund, tracking qualification.
FH1: Advanced tracking.
FH2: Superior tracking qualification.
UD: Utility dog. Working Qualification.
ZH: Zollhund, dog trained to work with customs police.
SchH1: Novice Schutzhund qualification in tracking, obedience, and protection.
SchH2: Intermediate Schutzhund qualification in tracking, obedience, and protection.
SchH3: Masters level of Schutzhund tracking, obedience, and protection.
SchHA: A limited SchH title, similar to SchH I but without the tracking portion.
IPO1: International Novice Schutzhund trial qualification.
IPO2: International Intermediate Schutzhund.
IPO3: International Masters level Schutzhund.
BpDH1 2: Railroad Police Dog.
BIH: Blind Leader Dog.
LwH: Lawinen Hund-Avalanche Dog.
DH: Service Dog.
DPH: Service Police Dog.
PH Polizehund: Police Dog.
INT Internationale Prufungsklasse: International Training Degree.
BPDH I, II - Bannpolizeidiensthund I or II: Railroad Police Service Dog I or II.
GrH - Grenzen Hund: Border Patrol Dog.
PFP I, II - Polizeifaehrtenhund I, II: Police Tracking Dog I or II.
PSP I, II - Polizeischutzhundprufung I, II: Police Protection Dog I or II.
Bundeslestunggssieger: German National Working Dog Champion awarded at the Bundessiegerprufung.
Huntesieger: Herding Dog Champion at the German Herding Dog Championships.
HT: Herding Tested.
HC: Herding Champion.
M.H. militar hund: Military Dog.
S.H. sanitats hund: Red Cross Dog.
Kr.H. kriegshund: War Dog.
German Conformation titles:
ZB-Zuchtbewertung: Conformation Show Rating followed by:
VA -Vorzuglich Auslese: Excellent Select,the highest attainable award by a German show dog and granted only at the annual Sieger Show.
V - Vorzuglich: Excellent.
SG - Sehr Gut: Very Good; an official German show grade and the highest obtainable by
dogs under two.
G - Gut: Good.
A - Austreichend: Sufficient.
M - Mangelhaft: Faulty.
U - Ungenugend: Insufficient.
Jugendklasse-ruden: Youth class for males of twelve to eighteen months at German shows.
Jugendklasse-hundinnen: The corresponding class for bitches.
Sieger or siegerin: Title given to the top Male and Female at the German National Show,
they will also receive the rating of VA-1
Weltsieger: World Seiger title awarded to the top dog at the FCI All Breed Show.
Europasieger: Conformation winner at the European All Breed Show.
Bundeszuchtsieger: Conformation winner at the German National All Breed Show.
European Conformation Titles
CHIB: International FCI-Show Champion
CACIB-certificates on a international dogshow in two differentcountries given under two different judges
CAC: certificat from an FCI international dogshow
Angulations: The angles at which bones of shoulder and upper arm meet at the shoulder
joint, and those of upper and lower thigh meet at the knee joint.
AKC: American Kennel Club.
CKC: Canadian Kennel Club.
Washed out: Marked palling of color and pigment in nose and nail.
Monorchid: A dog possessing one testicle.
Bloodline: Animals sharing a specific familly relationship over several generations.
SV: Schaferhund Verein, GSD Society of West Germany.
Sable: A gray, brown or fawn foundation color with black- shaded guard hairs. (Wolf like colorings).
Korung: German breed survey to select animals for breeding. Class 1 animals recommended,
Class 2 animals suitable.
KK1: Korklasse, survey class.
Inbreeding: Deliberate mating together of close relatives.
High withered: When the area where the neck runs into the back is definite, long and
well filled in with muscle over the vertebrae between the shoulder blades,
and slopes into the back, rather than being on the same horizontal with
Dew claws: Additional toes on inside of the leg above the foot and making no contact with ground. Many puppies are born without them on the rear legs.
Cow hocked: The dog stands and moves with the point of hock turned inwards.
Croup: The pelvis together with covering of muscle and coat.
Entire: Having both testicles in the scrotum.
TT: Temperament Tested.
TC: Temperament Certified.
OFA: Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (Hip Certification in U.S.).
OVC: Ontario Veterinary College (Hip Certification in Canada).
CGC: The dog has a Canine Good Citizen certificate.
Penn HIP: Developed at University of Pennsylvania (USA) The procedure measures hip joint laxity; it does not grade a passing or failing score. Loose hips are more prone to developing degenerative joint disease. (See OVC, OFA, "a stamp").
SV Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde: (German Shepherd Dog Club) The original GSD breed club and breed registry, based in Germany.
TSB Triebveranlagung: fighting drive.
ZW Zuchtwert: ZW-value — Zuchtwert evaluation — is a Breed Value Assessment - a number assigned that gives an indication of the genotype of the dog for breeding purposes.
KKLI: Korklasse I, Breed surveyed recommended to breeding- Koer Class rating which states that the dog has been breed surveyed and found to be breeding quality.
KKLII: Korklasse II, Breed surveyed suitable for breeding.
Lbz - Lebenszeit: Lifetime rating.
Check out this great video
Potty training a German Shepherd puppy doesn’t need to be stressful.
When pups are born they eat, poop and pee in the den. Thanks to mom the den is never smelly or unhygienic. Part of mom’s job is to clean up the mess.
The benefit of this is conditioning to keep ‘clean living quarters’ has already begun.
One downside of owners taking pups at 6 or 8 weeks is they never learn from mom to ‘do their business outside’.
But it’s not a train smash, it’s just up to you to teach your new German Shepherd puppy where the appropriate place is to relieve herself.
Dogs are context bound. This means once they learn a habit they’ll keep doing it.
For example: if a puppy learns to poop and pee on the grass instead of your paved driveway she’ll always go on the grass.
Your German Shepherd’s tummy is ‘well-oiled’ and efficient.
This is great news for you!
Anywhere between 10 and 30 minutes after eating your pup will want to go to the loo.
All you have to do is feed at regular times and clock-watch.
At approximately 20 days your German Shepherd puppy is able to control her bodily functions. In other words, she’ll eliminate when necessary.
At 8 to 16 weeks your pup can only hold her pee for approximately 2 hours. Take her out every hour to be safe.
By the time your pup is 16 weeks, she’ll be able to hold her pee for at least 4 hours.
From 6 months she’ll hold her pee for up to 4 hours.
Get Access to My Daily Schedule and Using only positive methods and never punishment.
How to potty train a German Shepherd puppy is influenced by your attitude in a BIG way. Attitude will influence how long it takes and how successful the training will be.
Puppies and adult dogs take a lot of cues from our voice and body language. Rushing your puppy or distracting her with your voice could make her nervous and prevent her from ‘doing her business’.
Stay relaxed and avoid verbal encouragement.
Your German Shepherd puppy will need to ‘go potty’ first thing in the morning, after eating, when waking up from a nap and usually after playing.
Set a routine according to these needs and she’ll learn the process in no time.
Rewarding your puppy each time she gets it right will encourage her to keep doing the right thing.
You can reward with a treat or affection. This depends on which your pup wants more of.
I use a mixture to avoid my pup from becoming too attached to treats.
If your puppy has an accident inside don’t punish her.
So no raised voice or shouting. Punishment will cause negative feelings towards natural body functions. She might even find sneaky places inside to use as her toilet, which you want to avoid at all costs.
Although you can easily teach your German Shepherd puppy to use pee pads or paper, it only complicates potty training.
Well, because at some point they will need to be transitioned from pee pads or paper to outside. So essentially you’re adding an extra step to potty training. This can cause confusion and potty training accidents.
Rather go for gold and get your pup conditioned to using their toilet outside!
You will need to sacrifice some sleep for a while. We can’t expect our pups to ‘keep it in’ for longer than they can. If accidents are happening at night, you should take your pup out more often.
Accidents will happen, but the more your pup has potty accidents in her personal space, the more comfortable she’ll become doing it. You really want to avoid this at all costs.
Access to new spaces depends on whether your pup is performing well with potty training. If she’s having accidents around the house, allowing her more access is setting her and yourself up for failure.
In general, with training, if a puppy makes a mistake it’s an opportunity to learn. But with potty training, you really want to avoid giving your puppy the opportunity to eliminate inside.
There are some common mistakes that could make potty training your German Shepherd puppy go less smoothly than you intend. Watch out for these little things…
Winter months can put a major strain on potty runs. When temp dip below freezing, you might need to be more insistent when taking your pooch out to do their business.
And when it’s bitterly cold out, who can blame them for holding their pee for longer than they should? Or for declining invitations to go for a potty run?
The problem is that the longer your pooch holds their pee, the more chance there is for bacteria build-up. And when your dog’s immune system can no longer fight the bacteria, a UTI can set in.
Some vets have noted an increase in Urinary Tract Infections during the icy-cold months of winter.
Potty training should not be stressful, it is a time of bonding. Your pup is learning house rules to ensure happy co-existence of you and pup for a long time to come.
She’s also learning to trust you, an important foundation for further training.